SHAH ALAM: In the release on KD Perkasa, RMN Chief Engineer Rear Admiral Mohd Shaiful Adli Chung stated local shipyard are fully capable of building ships without outside help apart from a full fledge combat management system (CMS).
He also said several local design houses, are capable designing ships, especially non-combatants. He stated that the procurement of ships locally was cheaper, albeit without the CMS. One-third the cost of building a ship locally from a foreign design and one-fourth the price of foreign-built and designed hull. (See below).
Success Story OP KD PERKASA ini membuktikan bahawa:
1. Limbungan tempatan berkeupayaan penuh untuk membina kapal bersaiz kurang dari 80 meter tanpa perlu bantuan pihak luar negara, kecuali full-fledged sistem kombat.
2. Terdapat beberapa design-house tempatan yang mampu merekabentuk kapal dengan baik, khususnya kapal jenis non-combatant.
3. Rekabentuk in-house membolehkan lebih banyak produk pribumi (indigenous product) serta bahan tempatan yang type approved digunapakai, berbanding jika menggunakan rekabentuk limbungan luar negara yang dikesan menetapkan syarat yang ketat.
4. Kos perolehan tanpa sistem kombat bagi sebuah kapal berdasarkan rekabentuk rakyat Malaysia dan dibina oleh limbungan tempatan adalah lebih kompetitif iaitu lebih kurang:
4.1 Satu pertiga (1/3) kos perolehan jika menggunakan rekabentuk luar negara, tetapi kapal dibina di Malaysia.
4.2 Satu perempat (1/4) kos perolehan jika berdasarkan rekabentuk limbungan luar negara dan kapal dibina di premis mereka.
5. Peningkatan penglibatan pemain industri Bumiputera di projek ini.
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I cannot confirm the veracity of the Rear Admiral statement on the cost, but it must be noted that even if a ship is built locally to a foreign design, most of the major equipment and steel plates will still need to be imported.
For the record, apart from the LCS and Kedah class, two other foreign designs were built locally in recent times, namely the Damen 1800 OPV for the MMEA and the Gagah Samudera class, designed by DSME of South Korea, soon to be called Hanwha Ocean.
Anyhow, the MMEA OPV is 83 metre in length, with a width of 13.7 metre. The Samudera class ships are 76 metres long with a beam of 11 metres. I believed the MMEA OPV is not fitted with a CMS while the Samudera is fitted with the Hanwha Naval Shield CMS. The OPV cost RM246 million each, based on the contract price of RM738.9 million, announced on January 19, 2017.
The Samudera costs RM147 million each based on the contract price of RM294 million announced in 2011. That said the cost of both class of ships has increased around RM20 million to RM50 million each, due to the delays in their completion and commissioning.
For a corvette/light frigate size ship, the Hanwha Naval Shield CMS cost around US$5 million (RM22 million) per ship, based on the latest news about a contract with the Philippines Navy.
Several years ago, the-then Philippines Defence Secretary told the country’s parliament that the Thales Tacticos CMS cost US$7 million (RM31 million) per ship.
Based on the above figures, we can extrapolate that a Samudera sized ship – 76 metre in length – equipped for combat instead of a dedicated training ship with a 76mm gun, four SSM launchers and two twin VSHORAD launchers – may well cost around RM250 million if built locally. Add another RM30 million or so if a RAM missile launcher is fitted instead of the VSHORAD launchers. It will cost around the same price if built in South Korea, I believed.
If we were to build the military version of the Damen OPV – with higher DC controls and same weapon loadouts, it will cost around RM350 million or so. It will be the same price if we built it in Europe.
— Malaysian Defence.