Russian Missile Exports to Malaysia

An inert training R27 missile displayed during RMAF open day last June.

An inert Sparrow missile displayed during the same event as above

A Kh-59M (top) and a Kh-31 inert missiles on display during the same event. In the background is the APX-9 data link transmitter for the Kh-59M

KUALA LUMPUR: According to a Russian report Malaysia never obtained the RVV-AE (Nato reporting name AA-12/R77) the Russian version of the Amraam until two years ago, even later than Amraams. Some 150 of the RVV-AE were exported to Malaysia in 2007-2008.

It has been reported before that Malaysia had also procured the Amraamski when the air force obtained the Fulcrums back in 1995 but the report claimed that we only exported 150 R-27s (AA-10, the Russian equivalent of the Sparrow) also in 2007-2008 period. This could be bad book-keeping as the air force had publicly displayed inert R-27s since, as I could remember. back in 1999

The report also stated that some 366 R-73E (AA-11) heat seeking missiles were exported to Malaysia since 1995 to 2007. The same report also listed the procurement of 12 Kh-31P anti-radiation missiles in 2007. It however did not mentioned other types of missiles, Kh-29 (air-to-surface) and Kh-59 (tactical cruise missile), that reportedly were part of the Sukhoi procurement package. Inert versions of all three missiles, were displayed during the air force open day last June. Of course they could have bought inert missiles for proficiency training and when the money is available they simply ordered it and when the missiles arrived, the pilots and ground crew are already qualified for the system. One can surmise or assume anything on this issue, a threat may be better than none at all…

If the report on the Russian missile acquisition is correct, we apparently did not gained any extra favour from the Russians when it comes to advanced weaponary. It may be that the Fulcrum was not equipped for the Amraamski and the KH-31P but since we only received the Amraams in 2005 (see previous Malaysian Defence report) the balance of power in South East Asia was never an issue.

We also got Harpoons (29) and Sparrows (44) between 1997-1999 to equip the Hornet fleet. Malaysian Defence however cannot find any record of the delivery of Maverick missiles to Malaysia in that time period although various reports suggested that the missiles have been in service since the Skyhawk period.


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