APMM Plans

SHAH ALAM: APMM Plans, a guest post by… While RMN has its widely publicized 15 to 5 plan, Malaysian Maritime Enforcement Agency (APMM, Agensi Penguatkuasaan Maritim Malaysia) also came out with its own plan, the Pelan Perancangan Strategik Maritim Malaysia 2040 (PPSMM 2040). It was launched by Tan Sri Muhyiddin Yassin during LIMA 2011.

Although the exact plan is not made public the plan has 5 Strategic goals (matlamat strategik) and 10 strategic objectives (objektif strategik). Some of the known targets to be had by 2040:
– 9,414 personnel
– C4ISR and surveillance of the whole of malaysian waters and EEZ
– 20 large patrol ships
– 96 medium patrol ships
– 228 boats less than 20m in length (95 interceptors, 133 RHIB)
– 15 Helicopters
– 12 Fixed wing aircraft

KM Pekan

This is some of the assets that APMM has from open sources:
This is the current Large Sized Patrol Boats (>60m) in APMM service:
7501 KM Langkawi (Musytari)
7502 KM Banggi (Marikh)
9203 KM Pekan (PL-02 Erimo)
8704 KM Arau (PL-01 oki)
This is the current Medium Sized Patrol Boats (>20m) in APMM service:
6x NGPC class (45m)
15x Gagah Class 39m (ex PZ)
2x Satria Class 38m (ex Bay)
9x Ramunia Class 32m (ex Bahtera)
9x Gemia Class 29m (ex PX)
2x Rhu Class 26m (ex Siri 200)
4x Malawali Class 25m (ex bintang)
15x Tugau Class 22m (ex PA)
This is the current Small Sized Patrol Boats/Interceptors (>10m<20m) in APMM service:
5X SAR Penyelamat 20m
2x Penggalang 18m DMS
10x Penggalang 20m BYO
8x Penggalang 17m DMS Icarus Marine
20?x Penggalang 16m (ex kastam perantas)
10?x Penggalang (ex polis penyengat)
30?x Petir 12m
10?x Halilintar 13m
20?x Pengawal 13m/15m
Kelas Kilat 7.62m
25x semi cabin
13x open
Helicopters
3x AS365 N3 Dauphin2
3x AW139
Fixed Wing
2x CL415

Cl415 M71-01 landing at Subang in early November.

In my opinion, a constant budget of USD500 million per 5 year Rancangan Malaysia is adequate to fulfil most of the PPSMM 2040 targets. This will also be used to continuously buy small crafts like RHIBs that would need replacements. There are some radical ideas that I will elaborate further. My plan is as per below:

APMM 2040

RMK11 2016-2020
3 83m OPV Damen 1800 $200
6 44m NGPC $100 replacement of ex vosper
2 Ex JCG $10
3 Ex Pohang $20

RMK12 2021-2025 USD500 mil
3 83m OPV Damen 1800 $200
2 35m Sail training ship $10
12 22m Sail PC $10
6 44m NGPC $100 replacement of ex vosper
15 25m PC $50
10 20m SAR $20
30 13m PC/RHIB $10
10 Penggalang FIC $20
3 Beech B200 MPA $50 (plus 3 transferred from TUDM)
3 Eurocopter AS365N3 used $10
3 Agusta AW139 used $20

RMK13 2026-2030 USD500 mil
3 83m OPV Damen 1800 $200 replacement of ex musytari
3 80m OSV rescue/tow $100
6 44m NGPC $100 replacement of ex PZ
15 25m PC $50
10 20m SAR $20
30 13m PC/RHIB $10
10 Penggalang FIC $20

RMK13 2031-2035 USD500 mil
3 58m MPV $100 replacement of ex bahtera
6 44m NGPC $100 replacement of ex PZ
15 25m PC $50
30 13m PC/RHIB $10
20 Penggalang FIC $40
6 NGPV Kedah transfer $100 refit. replacement for ex JCG, ex Pohang patrol ships
6 Beech B250 MPA $100

RMK14 2036-2040 USD500 mil
6 58m MPV $200
15 25m PC $50
30 13m PC/RHIB $10
20 Penggalang FIC $40
10 New rescue helicopter $200

APMM fleet 2040
9 83m OPV Damen 1800
3 80m OSV Rescue/tow
6 NGPV Kedah
9 58m MPV
24 44m NGPC
60 25m PC
12 22m Sail PC
20 20m SAR Penyelamat
80 Penggalang FIC
120 13m PC/RHIB (Petir/Halilintar/Pengawal)
2 CL415
6 B200 MPA
6 B250 MPA
6 AW139
10 New Rescue Helicopter

Now some explanations of the points above.

– OPV and NGPVs
The plan is for all OPV operations to be done only by APMM. Rather than buying more expensive SGPV Meko 100 OPVs, the APMM would be tasked to procure more DAMEN 1800 OPVs. The remaining Kedah Class OPVs will be transferred to APMM once TLDM has sufficient Gowind Frigates in its inventory. The NGPV Kedah Refit for APMM would see its 76mm Oto Melara replaced by 57mm Bofors from FACs, with the 76mm Oto Melara to be reused on new TLDM Frigates.

A CGI of the MMEA OPV

– South Korea Pohang Class
This is a quick way to acquire an OPV. Other Coast Guards such as Peru, and navies such as Egypt and Vietnam have bought this ship. It is actually worth to get this even only to get our hands on the 2x 76mm Oto Melara and 2x DARDO. These could later be reused in future TLDM Frigates. This is to be used for around 10-15 years and phased out after 2031.

– OSV Rescue/tow
This would be a largely off the shelf oil and gas Offshore Support Vessel (OSV) to be used for patrol and as a rescue and salvage tug. This is a needed capability especially in Malacca Straits for any incidents such as ship fire, ship grounding, oil spill, capsizing etc. Similar ships are also used by China Coast Guard to encroach our EEZ in Sarawak.

– Sail
This is a radical idea to save operational costs by using sailing vessels. There are no serious plans from other Coast Guards to use sailing ships for patrol. There are suggestions by Mauritius Coast Guard to use sailing ships but there is no concrete plan on how to do this from them. To do this from 2021 there would be a need to train personnel to be skilled in harnessing the wind. Sailing ships would not be fast, but it is ideal for tasks such as presence, deterrence and regular patrols. Sailing ships usually use just 10% of the fuel needed by similar sized ships. the 1st stage is to get training ships and small 22m sailing patrol ships. This is to familiarize APMM personnel in operating sailing ships. These 22m sailing patrol ships would be used for patrols in islandic areas such as Langkawi, Penang, Perhentian, Tioman, Sabah. The 2nd stage would be the building of offshore capable 58m MPV (medium patrol vessels).

– 58m MPV (Medium Patrol Vessel)
The 58m MPV, although seems small, is to be an offshore capable sail patrol vessel. This ship is to be based on the Greenpeace ship the Rainbow Warrior III. The sail masts is more than 50m tall, a deterring presence that could be seen from far. The tall mast could also be used as a convenient place for EO turrets, enabling a horizon range of more than 20km compared to from the sea level. The ship also has helicopter landing pads, and hangar for a small helicopter. The hangar can instead be used to house UAVs. The ship also has the capability of carrying 4 large RHIBs. This ship could be tasked as a mothership for patrols in littoral areas such as ESSCOM. This ship can also be used for presence in disputed areas such as the Lucania Shoals, staying put for months at a time. This is the specification for the ship:
Length : 57.92 m (190 ft 0 in) OA
Beam : 11.30 m (37 ft 1 in)
Height : 54.25 m (178 ft 0 in) (air draft)
Draught : 5.15 m (16 ft 11 in)
Tonnage : Approximately 855 GT

Conclusion
Empowering the APMM to protect and secure Malaysian waters and EEZ in peacetime would be the most effective way to enhance the Malaysian maritime security. This does not require large amounts of budget as I have laid out in this article. Giving more responsibility to APMM would also free TLDM to concentrate on its warfighting capability, especially in Anti-submarine warfare, Amphibious Warfare, Anti-air and Anti-surface warfare. Even with all the large OPVs to be under APMM, the total Malaysian large hulls in 2040 (APMM+TLDM) would be more than 30 Ships, significantly more than around 14 Frigate/OPV that we have now (6 NGPV, 2 Lekiu, 2 Lekir, 2 Langkawi, 2 ex JCG).

* The post above is completely the opinion of the writer and does not reflect the opinion of Malaysian Defence.

–Malaysian Defence

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